Sunday, January 19, 2020

magellan :: essays research papers

In 1517 Ferdinand Magellan proposed to King Charles I of Spain for a fully funded expedition to find a western sea route to the Molaccan Islands. If Magellan could find an easy way through or around South America it would enable the Spanish to set up a profitable trade route with the Molaccans, known for its abundance of spices. On May 22,1518 King Charles I granted Magellan enough money to buy five ships. Over 250 men were divided up amongst the Trinidad, the San Antonio, the Conception, the Victoria, and the Santiago. The ships set sail on their journey on September 20, 1519 from a port in Sanlucar de Barrameda, Spain. The ships sailed south along the coast of Africa until they reached the equator. They then turned to head across the Atlantic Ocean toward northern Brazil. They reached South America at a city in Brazil called Recife. The fleet continued down the coast in search of a passageway through South America. Trades were made in Rio de Janeiro with Native Americans in December. Port San Julian in Argentina gave the crew winter shelter for five months. Shortly after resuming voyage, one of the ships was driven to shore and lost exploring an inlet. Just south of the 50th parallel, near Rio Santa Cruz, Magellan sent two of his four remaining ships to explore a large inlet. The ships returned two days later responding that they had been to three bays through narrow passages. Against advice, Magellan set out to sail through the strait. One of the ships gave up and set out to return to Spain. On November 28, 1520 Magellan’s fleet of the three remaining ships exited the strait into another ocean. The strait Magellan and his crew used is now called The Strait of Magellan. The new ocean was named the Pacific Ocean because it was very calm. This ocean had much more favorable weather than the last but was much larger than expected. The crew ran out of food shortly. Soon they ate the leather rope guards. Desperate to survive, the sailors ate sawdust and rats for 98 days. Many died of scurvy and malnutrition. Finally a small island in the west pacific was sighted. The ships stopped for food and to regain health. Magellan then sailed to Mindanao in the Philippines and on to Cebu Island. Although Spain did not immediately recognize the importance of the Philippines, they had become the greatest Spanish trading center in the East.

Saturday, January 11, 2020

J.J Reddick

What is rounding? Rounding a number means approximating it. A rounded number is often easier to use, understand, and remember than the precise number. In MyFinanceLab most of our answers are rounded decimal numbers. A decimal number has three parts: The whole number part, the decimal point and the decimal part. For example: [pic] So, in order to round a decimal number we basically round the decimal part of it. These are the two basic steps for rounding decimals to a place value to the right of the decimal point Step 1: Locate the digit to the right of the given place value.Step 2: If this digit is 5 or greater, add 1 to the digit in the given place value and delete all digits to its right. If this digit is less than 5, delete all digits to the right of the given place value. For example: Round 736. 2359 to the nearest hundredth. Solution: Step 1: We locate the digit to the right of the hundredths place Step 2: Since the digit to the right is 5, we add 1 to the digit in the hundredths place and delete all digits to the right of the hundredths place.Thus, 736. 2359 rounded to the nearest hundredth is 736. 24 Rounding in MyFinanceLab In MyFinanceLab we use input instructions to indicate the place value to which you must round your final answer(s). For example: Let’s say your final answer is 736. 2359. †¢ You must enter 736. 2 if the input instruction is: Round to the nearest tenth. †¢ You must enter 736. 24 if the input instruction is: Round to the nearest hundredth. Note: Other typical input instruction in MyFinanceLab isRound to the nearest cent if the final answer is in currency units. †¢ You should enter 736. 236 if the input instruction is: Round to three decimal places. Now, let’s use a simple Time Value of Money (TVM) question you may encounter in MyFinanceLab. | | |Problem Example: Comparing Interest for Various Compounding Periods.If $1,000 is invested at 8% compounded | |annually, | |monthly, | |what is the amount after 5 y ear? (Round to the nearest cent. ) | To solve this problem without using a financial calculator or a spreadsheet, we need to use the compound interest, future value, formula: [pic] where, i |= |r/m | |FV |= |future value at the end of n periods | |PV |= |present value | |r |= |annual rate | |m |= |number of compounding periods per year | |i |= |rate per compounding period | |n |= |Total number of compounding periods | Solution: a. Compounding annually means that there is one interest payment period per year. So, n = 5 and i = r = 0. 08. [pic] [pic] [pic] Therefore, rounded to the nearest cent, the final answer is $1,469. 33 b. Compounding monthly means that there are twelve interest payments per year. So, n = 12(5) = 60 and i = 0. 08/12 = [pic] [pic] [pic] Therefore, rounded to the nearest cent, the final answer is $1,489. 85 | |This TVM example helps us to understand a basic rounding principle in MyFinanceLab: â€Å"Do not round until the final answer. † As you | |can see in part a. after solving the expression [pic]we leave it unrounded and use as many digits as possible in its decimal part. | |The same happens in part b with the other exponential expression. | | | |Take another look at part b. because rounding i to a small number of decimal places, such as 0. 007 or 0. 0067, would have resulted | |in round-off errors.So, to avoid this, use as many decimal places as your calculator is capable of displaying. | Tips: If you want to calculate TVM problems, mathematical calculations are relatively straightforward. However, as you will see, TVM calculations are easier using a financial calculator or spreadsheet. But, no matter what method you use – equation, financial calculators, or spreadsheets, you get the same answer because they all use the same formula and concept. These are some tips for solving TVM questions. Calculator Tips: †¢ Set your calculator to display at least five decimal places or to floating decimal place (nine decimal places). †¢ Set your calculator to one payment per year.Adjust this setting if necessary. †¢ Set your calculator to the â€Å"end† mode. Adjust this setting if necessary. Excel Tips: †¢ Take advantage of the formula help that Excel offers. †¢ If you are lost, click on â€Å"Help†. †¢ Be careful about rounding variables. For example, suppose you’re dealing with the interest rate 6. 99% compounded monthly. This means you will need to enter the interest rate per month, which is = 6. 99%/12, and since you are performing division in the cell, you need to put an â€Å"=† sign before the division is performed. Don’t round the result of 0. 0699/12 to 0. 58 and enter 0. 58 as i. Instead, enter =6. 99%/12 or as a decimal =0. 0699/12 for i.

Friday, January 3, 2020

Ancient Greek Astronomy Essay - 1538 Words

Ancient Greek Astronomy Since the first Egyptian farmers discovered the annual reappearance of Sirius just before dawn a few days before the yearly rising of the Nile, ancient civilizations around the Mediterranean have sought to explain the movements of the heavens as a sort of calendar to help guide them conduct earthly activities. Counting phases of the moon or observing the annual variations of day length could, after many years collection of observations, serve as vital indicators for planting and harvesting times, safe or stormy season for sailing, or time to bring the flocks from winter to summer pastures. With our millennia of such observation behind us, we sometimes forget that seeing and recording anything less obvious than†¦show more content†¦There are hints of the Greek conception of the universe in Homer, who mentions many subjects on his two epics describing war and the perils of trying to come home after long absence. For Homer, heaven is a solid inverted bowl straddling the earth, with fiery, gleaming aither above the cloud-bearing air. Homer mentions the movements of sun, moon, and many stars by name. The fact that Hades is on the underside of earth has an important impact on conceptions of heaven: it is unlit by the sun, therefore, the sun--and by extension, other heavenly bodies-- must sink only to the level of Ocean, which is conceived as a river circling earths edge. From it the Sun must also rise--though how it gets back to the eastern bank of Ocean is never explained. These popular conceptions of sky are more fully explained in Hesiod, whose works on gods, on agriculture, and animal-herding are more closely connected to the practical application of astronomy. He clocks spring, summer, and harvest by solstices and the rising and setting of certain stars, and notices that the sun migrates southwards in winter As the Greeks began to travel and explore, their ideas of the order of the universe began to change. Many Greeks settled on the coast of Turkey in the early migrations of the eleventh century BCE, and there enjoyed rich cultural mingling with their neighbors the Lydians and Persians, latest descendents of Mesopotamian civilization. They kept inShow MoreRelatedAncient Greek Science and Astronomy2201 Words   |  9 PagesThe Ancient Greek culture has had such an impact on the world that no matter where you look you re sure to find something Greek about it. Out of all the areas that the Greek culture is famous for there are two that tend to exert themselves into our own culture even today. That would be their Science and Astronomy fields. If one were to look up in a library books about ancient Greek science and astronomy they would have a mountain of books to sift through. There seem to be so many individualsRead MoreWorks and Days by Hesiod1163 Words   |  5 PagesE., the Greek poet Hesiod produced what is generally thought to be the oldest surviving Greek poetic works. During this time, Greece was near the middle of its Archaic period, a period of technological, social, political, and cultural innovations. This was the period in which the first true alphabet system arose, the system which allowed Hesiod and other poets like him to record permanently the oral stories and lyrics so important to Greek culture. This was also the time in which the Greek polis emergedRead MoreScientific and Mathematical Contributions of Ancient Greece, China, and India1112 Words   |  4 Pagesmathematical skills and theories from ancient civilizations. Ancient Greece is often known for its strong advancements in philosophy. Ancient China is most well known for its inventions. The Ancient Indian civilization is usually not viewed as an important society in ancient history because they kept very few written records. Most people dont know just how important Ancient India actually was in history. The scientific and mathematical contributions of Ancient Greece, China, and India have all hadRead MoreContributions of Greek Civilization to Western Civilization825 Words   |  4 PagesAlejandra Fraguada Ancient amp; Medieval Western Civilization Contributions of Greek Civilization to Western Civilization. Ancient Greeks made many influential contributions to western civilization such as in the areas of philosophy, art and architecture, math and science. These contributions, which are also the achievements of ancient Greece, include certain things in the areas of philosophy, art, architecture, math and science. The ancient Greeks were a remarkable civilization in thatRead MoreCritique on Carl Milles Work687 Words   |  3 PagesEast Asian Sculpture. Milles as an assistant of Rodin and he cultivated his interest on studying ancient sculpture during the time he assisted in Rodin’s studio. He collected ancient Greek and Roman sculpture and combined what he learned from the ancient masters into his work. The sculpture Two Girls Dancing showed how he combined ancient Greek into his work that the two dancing women were with ancient Greek heads. The most representative works of Carl Milles were Man and Pegasus and The HandRead MoreA Critical Review of the Introduction (pp.xi-xvi) to Cumont, Franz, Astrology Among The Greeks and Romans, New York: Dover Publications 1960 (1911)1092 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction Franz Cumont’s introduction in Astrology and Religion Among The Greek and Romans, the Dover 1960 edition of the unabridged and unaltered original work published, by G P Putnam in 1912, is aimed at the general historical and theological audience. On reading Franz Cumont introduction it is obvious he is scathing in his comments towards the practise of astrology. Along with his contempt of the continuing growth in the belief of astrology and how, throughout humankindRead MoreGreek Philosophy And The Greek Creation1593 Words   |  7 Pages The word â€Å"philosophy†, comes from the Ancient Greek word (Phileo), meaning â€Å"to love† or â€Å"to befriend† and (Sophia), meaning â€Å"wisdom†; making philosophy stand for â€Å"the love of wisdom†. Philosophy is about understanding the fundamental truths about ourselves, the world in which we live in, and our relationships to the world and amongst each other. It is the study of general problems connected with existence, values, language, and mind. Those who study philosophy (philosophers), engage in askingRead MoreEver since the beginning of time there have been stars. Not only stars in the sky, but moons,1700 Words   |  7 Pagesstars. Not only stars in the sky, but moons, planets, and even galaxies! Astronomy is defined as the branch of science that deals with celestial objects, space, and the phy sical universe as a whole. In other words it is the study of space, planets, and stars. Throughout the ages, many people have used astronomy to help them learn about the universe, our own planet, and even make predictions about life itself. Understanding astronomy means understanding where it originated, the different groups/culturesRead MoreGreece s Impact On The World1335 Words   |  6 PagesA Blast From the Past The way to better the world is to go back to the past and learn the ways of those who came before and learned from their mistakes; sort of like time traveling. When going back in time and comparing the ancient civilizations of Rome and Greece to today, the root of our knowledge is greatly influenced on the minds who have lived at that time. Some may ask which civilization had the most impact on United States and the world? Many would say that the Romans had the most impactRead MoreGreece s Impact On The World1360 Words   |  6 PagesA Blast From the Past The way to better the world is to go back to the past and learn the ways of those who came before and learned from their mistakes; sort of like time traveling. When going back in time and comparing the ancient civilizations of Rome and Greece to today, the root of our knowledge are greatly influenced on the minds who have lived at that time. Some may ask which civilization had the most impact on United States and the world? Many would say that the Romans had the most impact

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Analysis Of The Movie The Room - 1679 Words

Elephant In The Room, is a Production 3 film directed by the talented Max Cianci. This film has really grown on me after having to re-watch the film several times. The story is about Frank, a conservative politician who is running for office faces political backlash when his son comes out as gay. He has to face against his campaign manager who does not approve of this. He will now have to choose between his son and his campaign. During the first viewing the film didn’t left me with a lot of emotional impact, and after re-watching this film extensively it still didn’t left me with too much of an impact. The reason why I felt this way will come later on this analysis. However, I can understand what would be the emotional impact for a†¦show more content†¦Frank follows a very defined arc, which is not a bad thing, but very predictable. On the other hand we have the main antagonist Carla. First, I want to stress something very clear in here, and that is that I donà ¢â‚¬â„¢t only hate her character, I DESPISED with all my heart. Now, you would think that is a very good thing, right? I mean, that is what antagonist are there to begin with; to be hated for their actions, an obstacle for our protagonist but, I hate her, not for any reason that would praise this film’s narrative structure. Her character is one of the most bland characters I have ever seen in a production 3 film. She has no character arc. (Technically, she goes from being very angry, anti-gays. To being super angry and still being very anti-gay, but that’s it!). If we were able to put her character arc in a scale from 1 to 10 she would’ve just gotten to the number 2. This makes me very aggravated because there was a lot of potential for her character to have a bigger arc. She could’ve been a very angry person but at the end she could’ve understand the reasons why Frank did what he did, but I’m getting ahead of myself. She literally couldâ₠¬â„¢ve been just a threshold guardian, and the main antagonist being Frank’s pride and conservative belief. Now that I wrote that, that is a better concept. Not having her at all and have Frank deal with allShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Movie The War Room 1578 Words   |  7 Pages The film The War Room is a documentary about Bill Clinton that has very little to do with Bill Clinton himself. The primary focus of the film is devoted to the team of campaign strategists that got Clinton to the presidency. The two main players the film focuses on are James Carville--the Lead Strategist for the Clinton campaign and George Stephanopoulos the Communications Director. The film follows them and their team of campaign strategists and experts as they try to get Arkansas Governor, BillRead MoreEssay Movie Analysis of Titanic Directed by James Cameron904 Words   |  4 PagesMovie Analysis of Titanic Directed by James Cameron The movie Titanic, directed by James Cameron, was a fictional story based on the true ship, Titanic. Camerons movie was based on a love story; however, the focus of this paper will be on some of the differences between the two classes aboard the Titanic. This movie clearly portrayed how differently the first and second-class people were treated during the time of the Titanic. This can be related to many other times in American history whenRead MoreThe Movie Exhibition Industry: 2011 Essay1196 Words   |  5 PagesMGMT-780-623 - Week 3 Assignment The Movie Exhibition Industry: 2011 SWOT Analysis Strengths Internal – new digital technology with 3D optional feature, buildings (whether rented or owned) are large (most are multi and megaplex style) External – leverage in both the concession industry and the distribution industry Weaknesses Internal – rely on concessions and advertisements, concession pricing, experience largely the same as every competitor External – content, consumer income, marketingRead MoreMan on Fire: Summary and Analysis Essay644 Words   |  3 PagesBrief Summary and Analysis of How a Bullet Never Lies Thesis Statement: In the Man on Fire Suicide Scene, Creasy proves that a bullet never lies. Summary of Man on Fire Suicide Scene: In the movie Man on Fire, criminal gangs are kidnapping children from the wealthy in Mexico City and demanding ransom money for the young ones. Because of the rise in kidnapping, John Creasy, ex counterinsurgent, is hired by a rich man to be a bodyguard for his daughter. He is sitting in the room he is given whenRead MoreRiddles of the Sphinx is critically acclaimed and extremely hard to understand feature which uses900 Words   |  4 Pagescritically acclaimed and extremely hard to understand feature which uses several interesting perspective of story telling. This movie generalizes the broad topic of feminism in playful demonstration through camera lens. Interesting long 360 pans and close ups on Egyptian Sphinx makes the movie outstandingly unique and delicate. Mainly focused in a story of a mother, movie revolves around so many factors trying to make comparison between existing examples and feminism theory. In Riddles of the SphinxRead MoreAnalysis Of A Beautiful Mind1293 Word s   |  6 PagesA Beautifully Scary Mind Film Analysis on A Beautiful Mind Most people remember having an imaginary friend growing up when they were young, but when that friend or friends appear in your late 20’s or 30’s as they did for John Nash, the Nobel Prize winning mathematician, they are usually called delusions or hallucinations. These are symptoms of schizophrenia and after making a groundbreaking discovery in the field of economics, Nash began experiencing hallucinations of a best friend, federal agentsRead MoreFilm Analysis : Finding Forrester1447 Words   |  6 PagesWilliam Henry once said, The eyes shout what the lips fear to say. In the movie Finding Forrester, the director, Gus Van Sant, chose to use eyes as a motif. Throughout the analysis of eyes, one can conclude that the director embedded this element into the movie in order to reveal the characters’ inner emotions and to reveal character development. Throughout the course of the movie there are several instances in which eyes and eye contact reveal affection and admiration. For example, when JamalRead MoreCase Study Movie Exhibition Industry Essay1529 Words   |  7 PagesStrategic Analysis of Movie Exhibition Industry By: Kim Saline February 24, 2010 Objective: To provide an analysis and make recommendations to increase revenue in the movie exhibition industry. Overview: Ticket sales for movie theaters are at their lowest point since 1996. With the core demographic group expected to grow slower than the US population and with technological advances growing at speeds faster than the industry can keep up, ticket sales will continue to decline if the currentRead MoreIn the 12 angry men I recognized several different social- psychological principles. This movie is900 Words   |  4 PagesIn the 12 angry men I recognized several different social- psychological principles. This movie is filled with different concepts, views, and ways of thinking. Each principle has some way of fitting into the movie. I have watched this movie before this assignment but watching it for the assignment made me look at the different principles involved. There are numerous different concepts that could be used however, I just chose a few. I am going to list some that I noticed while watching the film.Read MoreMovie 12 Angry By Movie Review1137 Words   |  5 PagesIn this e ssay I will be an analysis of group communication using the movie 12 Angry Men.The movie 12 Angry men is a movie about a jury made up of 12 men as they deliberate the guilt or acquittal of a defendant on the basis of reasonable doubt. They go through many different problems during the deliberation. The movie starts off with all 12 of the jurors in a room. Nobody knows anybody. Everyone friendly introducing themselves and making conversation. Trying to get to know one another. They knew they

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Inhumane Treatment of Farm Animals - 1319 Words

Factory farms are often cruel to their animals. Pregnant pigs are confined to tiny crates where they can barely move, and chickens are crammed together by the thousands, in small chicken house to save money. Veal calves are kept inside so their meat doesnt darken. Dairy cows and hens are pumped with lots of chemicals and hormones so that they produce more milk and eggs than they naturally would, and piglets that a crippled, too small or simply unwanted are killed brutally and thrown away like trash. Not only are the animals denied the ability to behave in a natural way, they are also not even permitted a normal lifespan(Chambers, Jaime). After these animals endure this terrible lifestyle the ones that survive are sent to†¦show more content†¦farming has gone from family business’ to large companies, these companies worry about the money rather than the welfare of these helpless animals. They see their animals as products, they lose one another will takes its place. Animals are not protected by equal Federal laws and ethical rules as people are; animals are very similar to us and their rights should be also. We have so many laws to protect humans, but so few to help animals. There are 30 articles in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that protect the rights of humans, and the Declaration applies in all 50 states. Everyone must abide by these laws or be subjected to punishment. There were 30 articles of Federal laws created to protect humans and it is a struggle to simply get a few state animal laws, especially for farm animals,â€Å"there are no federal animal welfare laws regulating the treatment of the billions of food animals while theyre on the farm. Further, while all 50 states have cruelty statutes, most explicitly exempt common farming practices, no matter how abusive†(Legal Protections for Farm Animal). Society does not care enough to put in place enough law banning the cruelty against animals such as pigs, chickens, cows, and other farm animals. That problem should and is in the process of being fixed. Fixing this requires putting in place laws will protect animals from cruelty such as animal testing and abuse on factory farms, and the horrid treatment of entertainment animals. Another problemShow MoreRelatedCan The Human Methods Of Slaughter Act And The Prop 2 Standards1480 Words   |  6 PagesSlaughter Act and the Prop 2 Standards for Confining Farm Animals Protect Farm Animals from Inhumane Treatment? According to the anthropologist Professor Henry Bunn of Wisconsin University the use of animals for food dates back to two million years ago, when, â€Å"our human ancestors were small brained ape-men† (McKie, 2012). The use of animals for a source of food, clothing, and even entertainment is not something new to us. But what is fairly new are the animal rights movement groups as well as legislationRead MorePoor Factory Farming Is Contributing to E. Coli Illness, Environental Pollution, and Inhumane Treatment of Animals952 Words   |  4 Pagesfarming is the main issue as to why the way food is processed isn’t good for humans to consume. Animals in factory farming are trained to grow faster than the average animal so that the portions of the food they produce are larger. These animals are sprayed and fed with harmful pesticides and antibiotics. These harmful substances are then passed on from the animal bodies for humans to consume. The way animals are processed is a m ajor problem in the fast food industry. In fact, it is my contention thatRead MoreAnimals Are Not Being Treated Essay1506 Words   |  7 Pagesto raise more animals for production. . While having to maximize their output they are having to lowering their expenses. In the process the animals are being confined in small areas to help get them fatter and have to get them ready for market quicker. The animals are not being given the best environment or treatment. A lot of people do not realize how the animals being treated can affect us and they are only worrying about what they are going to eat. â€Å"The sheer number of animals raised withinRead MoreFood, Inc. : A Strong Critique Of Industrial Food Production919 Words   |  4 Pagestruths about what we eat, how it’s produced, who we have become as a nation and where we are going from here. Documentary filmmaker Robert Kenner examines how huge corporations have taken over all parts of the food chain in the United States, from the farms where our food is grown to the chain restaurants and supermarkets where it s sold. The film examines the industrial production of meat, grains, and vegetables, claiming the entirety of our food industry is cruel, and economically and environmentallyRead MoreFactory Farming Should Be Banned1576 Words   |  7 Pagesreally is: the antibiotic- and pesticide- laden corpse of a tortured animal.† says Ingrid Newkirk, co-founder of (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) PETA and animal activist. Factory farming should be banned or demolished thoroughly due to more harm than g ood that is being presented worldwide. Animal brutality, which can be found constantly and excessively throughout factory farms, is a deleterious act involving the animals and a diabolic act regarding human morals. The antic actions thatRead MoreTo Eat Meat, or Not to Eat Meat1686 Words   |  7 Pagesand Mortality). These diseases can be directly related to our current diet of excessive meat and sedentary lifestyles. Also, our high demand of meat is causing irreparable damage to our environment and the expanding inhumane treatment of animals with the creation of the â€Å"factory farm†. By reducing meat substantially in our diet, in addition to a more active lifestyle, I believe it could cut health care costs, save millions of lives a year, and preserve the environment we depend on to survive. VegetariansRead MoreA Poll Conducted By The Aspca Revealed That 94% Of Americans1322 Words   |  6 Pagesthat production animals, specifically those raised for food, deserve to live a comfortable life free of cruelty and neglect. Despite this belief, many factory farm animals are abused and neglected in such ways that, if witnessed by consumers, would not be accepted. Over 99% of the United State’s farm animals live on factory farms that use them for means of profit, many of them violating the Animal Welfare Act and other laws put in place to protect the humane treatment of animals (ASPCA). This abuseRead MoreInhumane Factory Farms Should Be Treated With Compassion And Protected From Suffering1308 Words   |  6 PagesInhumane Factory Farms All animals should be treated with compassion and protected from suffering, throughout their lives. Sadly billions of factory farm animals lack the basic protections under the law. A factory farm is a large-scale industrial operation where thousands of animals are retained for food. Factory farms, or industrialized facilities, maximize profits by treating animals as production units rather than sentimental creatures. The facility threatens them with antibiotics and hormonesRead MoreMeat vs. Vegan Essay768 Words   |  4 Pagesphysical abuse and poor living conditions endured by animals raised solely for the purpose of consumption. Because of the inhumane treatment towards animals, Taylor talks about a vegan solution and the many benefits associated with it. Animal cruelty is a sensitive topic that readers can easily be persuaded to either side. But, for the purpose of this essay, the reader can be swayed towards being a conscientious consumer. As mentioned already, animal rights an d veganism will be discussed. Its hardRead MoreBusiness plan DKNY978 Words   |  4 Pageswas very young and having designed numerous collections, Karan was hired by Anne Klein who launched her career in the fashion industry. Today, Karan has expanded her label worldwide. PETA  is an American  animal rights  organization and a non-profit corporation that claims to be the largest animal rights group in the world whose slogan is we’d rather go naked than wear fur.† In 2005, around 8 years ago, DKNY was reproached by PETA for DKNY’s use of fur in their clothing production, which created a

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Impact of Drug Abuse on Mental Health of Australian Teenage

Question: Discuss about the Impact of Drug Abuse on Mental Health of Australian teenage People. Answer: Introduction The adolescent is the stage of life that influences the individual to try new things without thinking about the outcome. This is the vital stage of life, in which people develop their personality, is also allow the people to see the world from their personal viewpoint. The stage is the most complex and puzzling phase of human life. In this stage of life, people like to take risks to make an impression on their friends. Drug experience also one of the examples of this tendency of teenage people. Drug experiment is making negative effects on the teenage population, in terms of mental and physical health. Australia is the country that has a great problem about drug abuse among people. The teenage people of the country are mostly affected by the same. There are some strategies that have taken by the government of the country to prevent the use of the drug among teenage people. Fergusson, et al., (2014), observed that most of the teenage people of the country have the problem of depression due to drug abuse. Drug abuse effects on mental health and makes different behavioural problems among teenage people. In this present time the mental health of teenage people is the growing concern of the country, as the teenage people is the base of future citizen. Lancaster Ritter, (2014), suggested that drug abuse or other addictions like smoking, drinking effect on overall brain development, which leads the mental problems like emotional disorder and depression. In this regard, the research work is influenced to evaluate the impact of drug abuse on the mental health of teenage people of Australia. The cause of Consumption of drugs: Drug use by teenage people is the vital apprehension of both the developed and developing countries of the world. Most of the teenage persons like to use drug due to interest on this matter, but there are some other causes for the teenage populace to experience drug effectively. McGovern, et al., (2014), observed that most maltreated children take drugs in the early stage of life for the sense of pleasure through the addiction. They mostly like the early sensation, to feel the sense of pleasure they chose the drug as per the nature of euphoria. As an example, cocaine is the drug that brings the emotional state of self-confidence, energy, and power. Stimulant-like heroin instill the sense of relaxation and fulfillment. Beronio, et al., (2014), argue that teenage population of the country take drugs due to stress related to social anxiety or emotional disorder. Depression among young population of Australia is one of the most substantial causes of drug experiment in the early stage of life. Volkow, et al., (2014), also suggested that curiosity is the most significant reason of commencement of drug abuse in young age. Peer pressure also can be the strong inspiration in this case, as teenage people like to take part in heroic and uncertain activities for making an impression on friends. There is also another vital reason that is teenagers have the tendency to celebrate their liberty from social and parental rules and regulation. This particular mental state of young people influences them to experience drugs, which makes an effect on mental health of teenage people. The link between drug use and mental health: Hoge, et al., (2013), stated that who are mentally ill into the country are more likely to use alcohol or drugs. Keyes, (2015), also supported that and said 26.7 % of total mentally ill people take the drug regularly. If an individual takes drugs, he or she may feel lees anxiety and depression but temporarily. Most of the people think that drug abuse helps them to reduce their depression and that take the drug regularly. In reality, drug abuse reduces the feeling of depression from people mind, as a result of euphoria. However, it makes permanent damage of mental health and reduces the power of concentration, which effects on the overall mental development of teenage people. Tang, et al., (2014), also observed that stimulant like cocaine, khat, and ecstasy make the feeling of increased energy, and people takes this type of drug to be more lively and awake. It also provides the feeling of increased stamina and influences the person to do heavy works. This types of drugs also make harm on mental health by damaging nervous systems of the person; it also leads the problem of depression in a teenage population of the country. On the other hand Bechtold, et al., (2015), mentioned that withdrawal of drug use also makes an effect on mental health of the people. There are some teenage people who want to withdraw the use of the drug and stop taking drugs happily. In this situation, the person faces the problem about visual hallucinations, which is also one of the outcomes of weak mental health. There are different views about the link between mental health and drug abuse so that there is need of primary research to gain more knowledge about the same. The impact of drug abuse on mental health: Excessive consumption of a drug or other sustainable use creates an adverse impact on the mental and physical status of the young population living in Australia. The consumption of drugs or other chemical products creates excrement frustration among young people that affects their health and wellbeing. The problem of drug abuse creates bipolar disorder among the teenagers living in different parts of Australia (Herrenkohl, Hong, Klika, Herrenkohl, Russo, 2013). Exclusion from family creates extreme frustration among leads them to commit criminal activities against family members. Excessive drug intake creates anxiety and extreme depression among the teenagers that affects their mental and physical growth. Drug addiction enhances the chances of hallucination faced by the young people living in Australia. Lack of support from friends and society generate extreme frustration that increases the chances of drug consumption by teenagers dwelling in different locations of Australia (Fergusson, Horwood, Boden, Mulder, 2014). The usage of drugs leads to create nerve related problems that create an adverse impact on mental status of people living in the society. Consumptions of psychosis drug increase the chances of delusion faced by the young people living in the country. Drug addicted teenagers also face mood swing problems that create an adverse impact on their mental health. Schizophrenia is another issue faced for taking a high volume of drugs (Fergusson, Horwood, Boden, Mulder, 2014). Intake of drugs leads to create extreme depression among the young population leads to affect their education process. It creates extreme anger and frustration among the teenagers that affects their mental and physical health status. Policies for overcoming excessive usage of drug: The inclusion of effective rules and regulations benefits in preventing the excessive use of drugs by young people living in different parts of Australia. The strategy of controlling the consumption of drug supports in controlling the supply of these drug items in the country (Olfson, Blanco, Wang, Laje, Correll, 2014). Australian National Council on Drugs (ANCD) focuses on introducing different plans for making the younger population aware of the adverse impact of drug usage that affects the health and wellbeing. The inclusion of awareness programs is effective for reducing excessive consumption of drugs that affects the mental health of people living in society. The inclusion of national drug strategy is effective for making the younger population aware of the adverse impact of drug consumption. It helps to address the negative impact of consuming drugs that create a negative impact on heat of teenagers living in the country (Schberle Hack, 2014). Incorporation of legal policies also assists in reducing the illegal supply of drugs that creates an adverse impact on the mental and physical wellbeing of people living in the society. Incorporation of drug controlling policy system is effective for reducing the excessive consumption of drugs by teenagers living in Australia. Incorporation of National Alcohol Strategy supports in decreasing excessive consumption of drugs by the young population living in the country (Lancaster Ritter, 2014). Incorporation of framework supports in reducing the excessive intake of drugs among young population leaving in society. Reduction of supply of drugs supports in controlling health and wellbeing of teenagers living in different locations of Australia. The purpose of conducting the research: Underlying purpose behind conducting the research is to understand the impact of excessive consumption of drug on health and wellbeing of teenage people based in Australia. It is important to note in this context that it has become a recent trend that using alcohol or drug can have a firm impact on modifying the behaviour of a human being. It has also become widely accepted in the society. There are many people who drink an excessive amount of tea or coffee in order to use caffeine. In some medical cases also drug has been prescribed by doctors to reduce tension or pain. It is worth to mention that the misuse of the drug is the fundamental reason behind the prevalence of crucial health-related diseases. Hall Degenhardt, (2014) told that there are more than 10% of teenage people in Australia who are excessively addicted towards the drug. There is wide range of capsules which are comprised of drug or drug-related components. It is important to undertake drastic action immediately for reducing this malpractice from the society. This research will highlight the fundamental reasons which are leading the teenage people to be extremely addicted towards the drug. The research has been conducted with the aim of evaluating its impact on mental health as well as policies and procedures implemented by the National Council of Australia for overcoming excessive drug consumption from the society. Research questions: Research questions have been formed in order to conduct an in-depth analysis of the present research. The research questions are as follows: What is the fundamental reason behind tendency among the teenage people to consume an excessive amount of drug? What is the relationship in between drug consumption and mental disorder? What is the potential impact of excessive drug consumption on mental health related issues? What are the policies that have been undertaken within Australia for overcoming this tendency towards the uncontrollable amount of drug? Research Methodology: The research is based on highlighting the impact of drug consumption. Research Methodology is one of the most critical parts of the research. There are several methods which are needed to be adapted for carrying out any research meritoriously. Significant research method includes research approach, research design, research philosophy, and data collection approaches and data analysis. At the same time, research methodology also comprises of sampling technique which has been used in terms of accumulating and scrutinising of the data (Mackey Gass, 2015)(Taylor, Bogdan, DeVault, 2015). Flick, (2015) commented that core purpose behind conducting any research is to satisfy predetermined research objectives. The researcher must be committed to understanding the purpose of the research in the initial stage of the study. The researcher must give the answer to the research question with the aim of ensuring successful conduction of the research. One of the most significant advantages of determining the purpose of the research it permits the researcher in accompanying the study in a methodical manner. In addition to that identification of the purpose of the research also allows reflecting the objective of the research with the highest rationality. Research philosophy basically concerned with nature and progression of the information that will be collected while conducting the research. Research philosophy helps to reflect the perception the researchers about the data collection method. The inclusion of research philosophy empowers the researchers to reflect their assumptions properly. These reflected assumptions provide a basis for the selection of the research strategy for the study (Vaioleti, 2016). In other words, research philosophy basically deals with the development and foundation of the research along with various facets of the study. As per the research onion, there are three different parts of research philosophy which include positivism, interpretivism, and realism. In the present study, the researcher has chosen positive philosophy to conduct the research in a systematic manner. It is important to satisfy the objectives of the study. Consequently, positivism philosophy will assist to satisfy the objectives of the s tudy without any interruption. One of the crucial parts of research methodology is research approach which supports to control the development level of the research. With the assistance of research approach, the researchers become able to frame the entire course of the study and thereby ensure that the study has been completed within the deadline. According to Smith, (2015), the research approach can be characterised into two different parts which include inductive research approach and deductive research approach. As the hypothesis is absent, the researcher can change the dimension of the study based on the needs and requirements of the research. The inductive research approach will be selected for formulating internal connection in between different variables of the research. The research design is a systematic way through which steps can be undertaken in terms of completing the research as well as the research problem can be solved. Research design can be considered as the group of approaches that has been taken in order to complete the research in an efficient manner. Exploratory research design will be chosen by the researchers to explore new components of the study. Both primary and secondary data will be collected in the research. Secondary data will be collected by evaluating various books, journals or websites (Tarone, Gass, Cohen, 2013). On the other hand, primary data will be collected by conducting a survey among the teenage people of Melbourne. Ethics will be maintained while conducting the research. Billig Waterman, (2014) said that knowledge regarding the objectives of the study would be integrated among the respondents and they will be allowed to withdraw their statement at any point in time during the research. Needless offensive questions will not be asked for them, and their personal information will be kept secret. The research will be conducted only in Melbourne which may create obstruction among the researcher to acquire a wide range of information. Financial constraints may also create obstruction among the researcher to conduct the study throughout Australia. Conceptual Framework: The conceptual framework is useful to make the clear understanding about the step by step progress of the secondary research. At first, the work has focused on the reason of drug abuse, then it will focus on the impact of the same o mental health, after that it will focus on policies for overcoming the issues of drug abuse into the country. The outcome of the research: The research work is based on the impact of drug abuse on the mental health of the teenage population in Australia. The successful completion of this research work will help to understand the actual state of the matter and gap of strategies that have implemented to reduce the use of the drug in the early stage of life. It will also help the authorities to gain proper knowledge about the different impact of the drug on the mental health of the teenage population. The study also will be effective to make the students aware about the negative effect of drug use; it may reduce the tendency of drug use among teenage people of the country. The research also will gain a view of social workers of the country to gain proper knowledge about the matter, it will help to evaluate other areas that related to mental health or drug abuse. References Bechtold, J., Simpson, T., White, H., Pardini, D. (2015). Chronic adolescent marijuana use as a risk factor for physical and mental health problems in young adult men. Psychol Addict Behav, 29(3), 552-63. Beronio, K., Glied, S., Frank, R. (2014). How the Affordable Care Act and Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act greatly expand coverage of behavioral health care. The journal of behavioral health services research, 41(4), 410-428. Billig, S., Waterman, A. e. (2014). Studying service-learning: Innovations in education research methodology. London: Routledge. Fergusson, D., Horwood, L., Boden, J., Mulder, R. (2014). Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort,. . JAMA psychiatry, 71(9), 1025-1031. Flick, U. (2015). Introducing research methodology: A beginner's guide to doing a research project. . London : Sage. Hall, W., Degenhardt, L. (2014). The adverse health effects of chronic cannabis use. . Drug testing and analysis,, 39-45. Herrenkohl, T., Hong, S., Klika, J., Herrenkohl, R., Russo, M. (2013). Developmental impacts of child abuse and neglect related to adult mental health, substance use, and physical health. Journal of family violence, 28(2), 191-199. Hoge, M., Stuart, G., Morris, J., Flaherty, M., Paris, M., Goplerud, E. (2013). Mental health and addiction workforce development: Federal leadership is needed to address the growing crisis. Health Affairs, 32(11), 2005-2012. Keyes, C. (2015). Flourishing after addiction: An invited commentary on the McGaffin et al.(2015) study. Addiction Research Theory, 23(5), 361-363. Lancaster, K., Ritter, A. ( 2014). . Examining the construction and representation of drugs as a policy problem in Australia's National Drug Strategy documents 19852010. International Journal of Drug Policy, 25(1), 81-87. Mackey, A., Gass, S. (2015). Second language research: Methodology and design. . London : Routledge. McGovern, M., Lambert-Harris, C., Gotham, H., Claus, R., Xie, H. (2014). Dual diagnosis capability in mental health and addiction treatment services: an assessment of programs across multiple state systems. . Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 41(2), 205-214. Olfson, M., Blanco, C., Wang, S., Laje, G., Correll, C. (2014). National trends in the mental health care of children, adolescents, and adults by office-based physicians. . JAMA psychiatry,, 71(1), 81-90. Schberle, T., Hack, I. (2014). Overcoming the current deadlock in antibiotic research. Trends in microbiology, 22(4), 165-167. Smith, J. e. (2015). Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods. . London : Sage. Tang, J., Yu, Y., Du, Y., Ma, Y., Zhang, D., Wang, J. (2014). Prevalence of internet addiction and its association with stressful life events and psychological symptoms among adolescent internet users. Addictive behaviors, 39(3), 744-747. Tarone, E., Gass, S., Cohen, A. (2013). Research methodology in second-language acquisition. London : Routledge. Taylor, S., Bogdan, R., DeVault, M. (2015). Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource. . London : John Wiley Sons. Vaioleti, T. (2016). Talanoa research methodology: A developing position on Pacific research. Waikato Journal of Education,, 120-125. Volkow, N., Baler, R., Compton, W., Weiss, S. (2014). Adverse health effects of marijuana use. New England Journal of Medicine, 370(23), 2219-2227.

Monday, December 2, 2019

The Sacred and the Profane free essay sample

The Sacred and the Profane analyzes a wide variety of components that are found within various world religions. Eliade uses the history of religion to support his ideas as the the book itself is a brief introduction to religion as a whole, particulary the religions of primitive societies. Nonetheless, when looking to the past one can see that mankind’s desire to associate itself with the sacred has been occuring for thousands of years. From temples to passages of intiation, religious man is a unique microcosm that follows and repeats the structure of the religious macrocosm, the creation of the cosmos. One can conclude that Eliade views religion as the â€Å"paradigmatic solution for every existential crisis. † (p210) and furthermore, the solution that bridges the gap between this world and another, giving meaning and purpose to the profane existential life of mankind. From this standpoint, it can be determined that the belief of the sacred, specifically the paradigmatic making of the cosmos, does indeed set the framework for religious life in this world via sacred space, time, and experiences. We will write a custom essay sample on The Sacred and the Profane or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Space according to Eliade, can either be heterogeneous or homogenous. For the profane nonreligious man, it is obviously an endless homogenous plane with little meaning but for the religious man, it proves to be a sacred heterogeneous plane. Sacred space is founded on the idea of the cosmos emerging from the primordial chaos via the power of the gods. Religious man’s need to be in an â€Å"organized world† (p44) facilitates this notion of the cosmos being created and the establishing of sacred spaces to worship gods. Along with this, the desire to be at a specific part of the world sees humans choosing to be closer to their gods from the area which they believe the world was created, the center. Sacred spaces take shape from there, representing some form of identification to the gods and the heavens. Temples, altars, churches and similar structures are built to serve as sacred areas, particularly as a means to communicate with gods and to be in their presence. The want to be closer and within contact of the gods also extends to the foundation and settling of towns and villages, repeating the original creation of the cosmos. Building a mere house or dwelling symbolizes the cosmic creation again as it displays man’s religious want to be at the center of the world and nearer to his gods. Everything made or constructed is modeled after the forming of the cosmos, and thus evolves from the center outward. Sacred space then for mankind is â€Å"ritually reactualizing the paradigmatic act of Creation. † (p64) The overall function would be the acknowledgement of a real apprehensible world, made possible by the gods, and to recreate it, be it through a temple designed specifically to communicate with gods or within an individual’s home. Sacred space provides an area that is a tangible part of the cosmos yet also repeats the creation myth, tying mankind together with the gods. Sacred time then follows the creation of the cosmos and the moment upon which all life began and rose from the primordial chaos. Religious festivals and ceremonies symbolize this birth of the cosmos, specifically the celebration of the New Year. The annual repetition of creation (p77) symbolizes death and rebirth, a changing from old to new. When religious man participates in this event, he too becomes associated with the moment upon which the cosmos are again formed for the New Year by the gods and for he too is also born anew. p80) He is free of previous faults and his rebirth echoes that of the original cosmogonic myth. Festivals, ceremonies, and even pilgrimages help reiterate this idea, emphasizing on themes of rebirth, renewal, and keeping alive the cosmogonic myth as well as other myths and events which the gods and culture heroes did in the past. Repeating them again allows man to be closer to his gods and man’s nostalgia for the â€Å"time of origin. † (p94) Th is signifies a want to live alongside the gods, mainly around the time of creation when the world was pure and new. The participation in these events and overall repetition enforces the religious content and provides an optimistic vision of existence and eventual transcendence for the participant. It provides a break from a temporal and profane duration of time and into a sacred time of importance and meaning for a religion and its followers. Religious experience then would fall into the personal realm of man himself and how he perceives the world around him. Nature provides a chief component in primitive religious man’s view of the cosmos and his gods. The sky houses the gods, remote although it may be, natural phenomenon such as thunder and rain gave primitive and early religious man the reasoning to place his gods above him in the intangible heavens as such natural occurrences were due in part to the supernatural beings dwelling in the skies. Alongside the sky, the observation of the transition of the moon and sun (night and day) signify death and rebirth. Water too plays a symbolic part in human experience and although it has a powerful capability to destroy life, it also reiterates the cosmogonic cycle, especially with the practice of baptism where water renews life. p132) Earth itself is also linked to the human experience of child birth with females. The idea of a â€Å"Terra Mater† or mother earth (p138) symbolizes the idea of the earth reproducing its vegetation-based life in comparison to the experience of mother giving birth of her children. Physiological acts such as the sexual union of humans also is displayed in the religious forming of the natural world, the joining of both heaven (man) and earth (woman). The human body too with its physiological experiences also can be applied as a symbol to the cosmogonic myth. As in some Indian religions the spinal column represents the cosmic pillar and the heart or navel as the center of the world, all of which are previously established ideas that connect back to the cosmogonic myth. (p173) The anticipation and experience surrounding death also brings about unique beliefs that relate back to the cosmogonic myth of creation. Burials within the soil bring about the â€Å"religious experience of autochthony† (p140) along with rebirth and ensuring a continuation of the cycle of life. Other religions relate this with the idea that the deceased ascend to the sky, considering some rituals consist of cutting holes in the roof of a dwelling to allow souls to pass on through. (p179) Sacred experience also manifests itself in various rites of passage and initiation processes. Men and women’s societies combine religious elements with physiological experiences such as puberty and birth. Initiation and death also has this structure with the ultimate goal being rebirth after an individual has left this life after their death. They all follow the same structure of the cosmogonic myth in that it produces a spiritual rebirth, be it after a group initiation or the end of life itself. â€Å"Man constantly re-performs the cosmogony† (p197) and as such, will earn a new birth as result from their religion. Sacred space, time, and experience basically all compliment each other in that they follow the same structure of the cosmogonic myth. A continual cycle of birth, death, and rebirth is prevalent in all major religions. Sacred space connects humans with their gods via physical buildings, temples, towns, and other structures. The creation of sacred space is a microcosm to the bigger macrocosm of the cosmogonic myth. Sacred time emphasizes the â€Å"origin of time†, the moment the cosmos were created and the desire to celebrate and continue the rebirth of the New Year. Festivals and rituals help keep the myths alive as well as keeping humans synched in time with their gods via the myth. Sacred experiences then add the personal element to connecting with the gods and following the creation myths. This includes elements of nature, physiological experiences, and rites of passages on an individual level to bolster one’s spiritual life with the desired end result being a transcending rebirth. The functions they serve all essentially go directly back to the cosmogonic myth which provides the crucial framework for primitive religions and a foundation for modern religions too. The idea of having sacred space, time, and experiences gives a heightened sense of meaning, purpose, and connection to a religion.